As I have posted a few times before, the presence of a set of 10 symbols (the planetary glyphs) is a strong indication for a numerical substitution cipher. Each glyph would represent a digit 0-9, from which any number or numbers can then be made.

There are a number of ways to progress this from interesting plausibility to a usable fact. One such way would be to use logic to guess a key, and then have this guess confirmed by the book or a clue. Working in reverse, the book or a clue could match a number to a symbol, and then we could reverse engineer the key using logic. Either way, the most important first step is to confirm that the 10 glyphs are indeed a numerical substitution cipher, and this clue does that.

The most obvious logic based guess for a key would be to use a heliocentric or geocentric model combined with some form of astronomical data.

A Heliocentric distance of planets from Sun chart gives: Sun=0, Mer=1, Ven= 2, Earth or Moon = 3 or 4, Mars=5, Jup.=6, Saturn = 7 etc.

A Geocentric time of apparent orbit around Earth chart gives the conventional: Earth=0, Moon=1, Mer.=2, Ven.=3, Sun=4, Mars=5, Jup.=6, Saturn = 7 etc.

A Geocentric average magnitude chart gives: Earth=0, Sun=1, Moon=2, Ven.=3, Jup=4, Mars=5, Mer.=6, Saturn = 7 etc.

A Geocentric chart of the planets average distance from Earth gives: Earth = 0, Moon=1, Ven.=2, Mars=3, Mer.=4, Sun=5, Jup.=6, Saturn = 7 etc.

Notice that while the values of the rest of the planets changed, the value of Saturn was 7 in all four of them. If our astronomy based key guess were to be correct we would therefore expect the value of the Saturn glyph to be 7, and might also expect this as a logical point for confirmation.

In the Maranatha book there are only 2 Saturn glyphs shown which may be a substitute for 7, "AS TWICE SHOWN HIDDEN". The words "as twice shown" may serve a double role here indicating a intended value of 77 instead of 14. MARANATHA = 77 = "THE WORTH OF THIS BOOK"

So it would seem at first blush like both the numerical substitution idea and the astronomy guess/Saturn = 7 idea have been confirmed in dramatic fashion. If this is the case I would argue strongly for the conventional Geocentric chart key, as the fact that the Earth and Moon are constantly trading places relative to distance from the Sun kills the Heliocentric model, and other ideas seem too obscure.

But in this puzzle false solutions must constantly be watched out for. "THIS BOOK" was never specified as referring to MARANATHA, and the value of "THIS BOOK" = 99. The numerical substitution value of Saturn could therefore be 9 using the same logic as before. If this is the case then the challenge becomes to reverse engineer a key using logic with the advanced knowledge that Saturn = 9.

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